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Goldman Environmental Prize for hero of Niyamgiri protests

Activist Prafulla Samantara is one of the six winners of the Goldman Environmental Prize for 2017.

  • He is being honoured for his historic 12-year legal battle that affirmed the indigenous Dongria Kondhs’ land rights and protected the Niyamgiri Hills from a massive, open-pit aluminum ore mine.

Goldman Environmental Prize

  • The Goldman Environmental Prize was created in 1990 to honour grassroots environmentalists undertaking risk of their lives for the cause of protecting the environment.
  • The award is given to six persons every year- one each from six geographical regions of the world, namely, Africa, Asia, Europe, Islands and Island Nations, North America, and South & Central America.
  • The prize is given by Goldman Environmental Foundation of San Francisco. The prize is also known as the Green Nobel.

Niyamgiri Hills:

  • The Niyamgiri Hills form a mountain range in the Eastern Indian state of Orissa.
  • They are home to more than 8,000 of the Dongria Kondh people, whose lifestyle and religion have helped nurture the area’s dense forests and unusually rich wildlife.

Dongria Kondhs

  • The Dongria Kondh in southwestern Odisha is one of India’s so-called “particularly vulnerable tribal groups.”
  • The Kondhas are believed to be from the Proto-Australoid ethnic group. Their native language is Kui, a Dravidian language written with the Odia script.
  • They have a subsistence economy based on foraging, hunting & gathering but they now primarily depend on a subsistence agriculture i.e. shifting cultivation or slash and burn cultivation or Podu.
  • The Dongria Kondh call themselves Jharnia meaning those who live by the Jharana (streams). Hundreds of perennial streams flow from Niyamgiri hill, and there are hundreds of Dongria villages by the streams.
  • The Dongria are considered the protectors of these streams, hills and jungles by the people of the nearby plains.
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Prelims Question of the Day

With reference to 'Natural Rate of Unemployment', consider the following statements.

1. It is the level of unemployment in an economy that is just consistent with a stable rate of Inflation.

2. It is the unemployment that prevails when all markets in the economy are in equilibrium.

 

(a)1 and 2

(b)2 only

(c)1 only

(d)None of the above

Mains Question of the Day

1.GS-No party in power can afford to ignore Directive Principles of State Policy. Comment.(200 Words)

2.Political Science - Explain the role of non state actors, like IMF, World Bank, European Union and MNCs, in modulating and transforming the broad dynamics of international relations. (250 Words).

3.SOCIOLOGY - What is the impact of Globalization on the structure and mobilization of the working class in India? (250 Words).

Sociology - Thinkers