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Thu 23rd of November 2017


IAS EXPRESS - Free Download

States turn to dogs to check wildlife crimes
  • In a bid to combat wildlife crimes more effectively, the Forest Departments of different States are strengthening law enforcement using squads of sniffer and tracker dogs.

  • Toward this end, 13 puppies aged six to nine months, along with 26 dog handlers, began training at the National Training Centre for Dogs (NTCD), BSF Academy, in Tekanpur, Gwalior earlier this month.

  • When their training is over in December, States such as Uttar Pradesh and Sikkim, and the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar, will get wildlife sniffer dog squads for the first time. West Bengal’s Forest Department will get three squads, Uttarkahand and Assam two, and Odisha and Kerala one each.

  • The agency had trained dogs for the military and para-military forces for security purposes. “After talks between different Ministries, the Ministry of Environment and Forests, in consultation with the Home Ministry, gave us the task of training dogs to help check wildlife crimes such as poaching,” Dr. Nag said.

  • For every dog trained, two personnel are also trained. The breeds chosen are German Shepherds and Belgian Malinois.

  • The training of dogs in India for wildlife crime prevention was pioneered by TRAFFIC, a global wildlife trade monitoring network. Also known as ‘TRAFFIC’s Super Sniffers,’ 43 of the squads have been deployed in the country.

  • Dogs are ‘strength multipliers’ and their sense of smell works across long distances to detect a carcass or trafficked animal parts. The dogs also provide protection to the forest guard who often has to move alone. With the dog around, no one can touch the guard.


  • TRAFFIC’s believes in a world where wildlife trade maintains wildlife populations and contributes to sustainable human development. Through research, analysis, guidance and influence we promote sustainable wildlife trade and combat wildlife crime and trafficking.

  • TRAFFIC, the wildlife trade monitoring network, is the leading non-governmental organization working globally on trade in wild animals and plants in the context of both biodiversity conservation and sustainable development. TRAFFIC’s mission is to ensure that trade in wild plants and animals is not a threat to the conservation of nature. TRAFFIC’s vision is of a world where wildlife trade is: managed in a way that maintains healthy wildlife populations and ecosystems; contributes to meeting human needs; supports local and national economies; and helps motivate commitments to conserve wild species and habitats.


Prelims Question of the Day

With reference to 'Natural Rate of Unemployment', consider the following statements.

1. It is the level of unemployment in an economy that is just consistent with a stable rate of Inflation.

2. It is the unemployment that prevails when all markets in the economy are in equilibrium.


(a)1 and 2

(b)2 only

(c)1 only

(d)None of the above

Mains Question of the Day

1.GS-No party in power can afford to ignore Directive Principles of State Policy. Comment.(200 Words)

2.Political Science - Explain the role of non state actors, like IMF, World Bank, European Union and MNCs, in modulating and transforming the broad dynamics of international relations. (250 Words).

3.SOCIOLOGY - What is the impact of Globalization on the structure and mobilization of the working class in India? (250 Words).

Sociology - Thinkers