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Sat 25th of November 2017

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IRRI South Asia Regional Centre (ISARC) in Varanasi

The Union Cabinet has approved establishment of International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) set up a regional centre International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), a global rice research institute.

  • It will be named as IRRI South Asia Regional Centre (ISARC) and will be set up at campus of National Seed Research and Training Centre (NSRTC) in Varanasi.
  • This Centre will be the first of its kind international Centre in the eastern India.
  • For setting up of the Centre, a Memorandum of Agreement (MoA) will be signed between Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare (DACFW) and IRRI, Philippines.
  • Under the proposal, a Centre of Excellence in Rice Value Addition (CERVA) will be set up in Varanasi. This will include a modern and sophisticated laboratory with capacity to determine quality and status of heavy metals in grain and straw.
  • The Centre will also undertake capacity building exercises for stakeholders across the rice value chain.

Benefits from ISARC:

  • The ISARC will help in utilizing the rich biodiversity of India to develop special rice varieties.
  • It will help India to achieve higher per hectare yields and improved nutritional contents.
  • Further it will help to address India’s food and nutritional security issues.
  • It will play a major role in harnessing and sustaining rice production in the region.
  • It is also expected to be a boon for food production and skill development in the eastern India and similar ecologies in other South Asian and African countries.
  • The Centre will support in adopting value chain based production system in the country. Thus, help to reduce wastage, add value to produce and generate higher income for the farmers.
  • The farmers in Eastern India will be main beneficiaries, besides those in South Asian and African countries.

International Rice Research Institute (IRRI)

  • IRRI is an international agricultural research and training organization with headquarters in Los Baños, Philippines.
  • It was established in 1960 and has offices in 17 countries.
  • It is also the largest non-profit agricultural research centre in Asia.
  • It aims to reduce poverty and hunger, improve the health of rice farmers and consumers, and ensure environmental sustainability of rice farming.
  • IRRI is known for its work in developing high yielding rice varieties that contributed to the Green Revolution in the 1960s.
  • It advances its mission through collaborative research, partnerships, and the strengthening of the national agricultural research and extension systems of the countries IRRI works in.
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Prelims Question of the Day

Two of the great Mughals wrote their own memories. They were

1. Babar 2. Humayun 3. Jahangir 4. Shahjahan

(a)1 and 4 only

(b)2 and 4 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d)2 and 3 only

Mains Question of the Day

1.GS-The nature of economic growth in India in recent times is often described as a jobless growth. Do you agree with this view? Give arguments in favour of your answer. (200 Words)

2.Political Science -Explain to what extent the concept of “one-party dominance”(W.H.Morris-Jones)model is relevant in Indian policy today.(250 Words).

3.SOCIOLOGY - Do you think that poverty, deprivation and inequalities are the major challenges in the process of social transformation? What are your suggestions to address and resolve the problems. (250 Words).

Sociology - Thinkers