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Thu 23rd of November 2017


IAS EXPRESS - Free Download

India to celebrate Falun Gong
  • Falun Gong, the ancient Chinese holistic system that is banned in China, will be celebrated in India on July 15 with a parade and Human Word Formation in the capital.

  • The event would highlight the persecution against the practitioners in China.

·         Falun Gong

  • Falun Gong is a Chinese spiritual practice that combines meditation and qigong exercises with a moral philosophy centered on the tenets of truthfulness, compassion, and forbearance.

  • The practice emphasizes morality and the cultivation of virtue, and identifies as a qigong practice of the Buddhist school, though its teachings also incorporate elements drawn from Taoist traditions.

  • Through moral rectitude and the practice of meditation, practitioners of Falun Gong aspire to eliminate attachments, and ultimately to achieve spiritual enlightenment.

·         Difference between Falun Gong and Falun Dafa

  • These are two names for the same practice. They can be used interchangeably. “Falun Gong” translates as “Practice of the Law Wheel” or “Law Wheel Qigong,” while “Falun Dafa” translates as “Great Way of the Law Wheel.”

·         Why is Falun Dafa persecuted in China?

  • The complex rationale behind the persecution can be broken into four elements:

  • A paranoid dictator’s fear of Falun Gong’s meteoric growth and soaring popularity;

  • That same dictator’s intense jealousy of Falun Dafa’s popularity;

  • The inherent conflict between the communist regime’s savage political ideology and its polar opposite—Falun Dafa’s principles of “Truthfulness, Benevolence, Forbearance”; and

  • The very nature of communism, which to sustain itself requires periodically labeling a small segment of the population as the “class enemy” to “struggle” against.

  • In October 1999, Chinese government declared Falun Gong a “heretical organization” that threatened social stability.

·         Falun Gong is unique in eight ways:

  1. A Falun is cultivated, rather than an energy elixir.

  2. The Falun refines the person even when he or she is not doing the practice’s exercises.

  3. One’s primary consciousness is cultivated, such that it is the person him or herself who obtains Gong energy.

  4. Both mind and body are cultivated.

  5. The practice consists of five exercises, which are simple and easy to learn.

  6. The mind is not used to direct anything, there are no associated risks, and Gong energy increases quickly.

  7. Location, time, and direction are not of concern when exercising, nor is how one concludes one’s exercise session.

  8. Protection is provided by the master’s Fashen, so one needn’t fear harm from malevolent entities.


Prelims Question of the Day

With reference to 'Natural Rate of Unemployment', consider the following statements.

1. It is the level of unemployment in an economy that is just consistent with a stable rate of Inflation.

2. It is the unemployment that prevails when all markets in the economy are in equilibrium.


(a)1 and 2

(b)2 only

(c)1 only

(d)None of the above

Mains Question of the Day

1.GS-No party in power can afford to ignore Directive Principles of State Policy. Comment.(200 Words)

2.Political Science - Explain the role of non state actors, like IMF, World Bank, European Union and MNCs, in modulating and transforming the broad dynamics of international relations. (250 Words).

3.SOCIOLOGY - What is the impact of Globalization on the structure and mobilization of the working class in India? (250 Words).

Sociology - Thinkers